Writing a clean react code is definitely a hard task for any new developer but using React best practices will gradually build up your confidence to write better code in the easiest and fastest way.
In this article, we are going to focus on the 10 best practices every react developer should follow to be a better developer.
React is an easy-to-use, declarative, and component-based framework used for building highly interactive user interfaces. It is a popular frontend technology introduced by Facebook, which currently has 8 million users worldwide.
However, for developers, it is crucial to follow some fundamental practices concerning the technology to get complete advantage of its features and to keep code clean and organized.
For example, In React you can reuse code and design components that save developers time. But while creating components developers need to follow some basic rules to make it reusable, otherwise, it can lead to a complete mess.
To make components reusable, break the larger component into smaller ones. That means instead of putting multiple functionalities in one component create one component that will be responsible for single functionality, the principle is called as “single responsibility principle”.
Separating components will help us to read, maintain, debug, reuse and scale code in long run, as the project keeps on getting bigger and bigger with time due to the addition of new features.
If you are new to react you might get confused about what to use, functional component or class component.
Here is the answer!
Functional components are the stateless component that simply accepts data and display the output in some form, while Class components are stateful components that implement logic and state.
If you are writing the presentational component which doesn’t need to access the lifecycle method or have its own component state then you should use a functional component. On the other hand, if you need to manage the state then use the class component.
Here are the benefits of using Functional components:
- Reduce the number of lines of code
- Eliminate the use of ‘this’
Some pros of using style components are:
- Gives freedom to build a custom component with CSS
- Enforce the use of props in the place of classes
- Supports server-side rendering with stylesheet rehydration
- Can perform unit testing with Jest Styled Component- A set of utilities to test style components with Jest.
Follow the React way of structuring a React app. A properly maintained folder and file structure help you to understand project flow and simplify code maintenance and extraction to any other project.
Organize files according to components, if there are several small components used by another big component, keep all the related components within that another component folder only and maintain the same hierarchy in the entire project.
For example, the Form component has small components such as CSS files, icons, images, tests, and other sub-components all these should be placed in one folder.
According to React document, Key props help react to identify which item has been changed, added, or removed. Therefore, the key should be given to the element inside the array to give the elements a stable identity.
So what will happen if you use indexes as key props?
React uses key props to determine what to render or re-render, as react doesn’t waste time in rerendering duplicates. Thus, when the two elements have the same key one will be omitted by the React.
Another thing to worry about is, React also re-renders elements whose key has changed for a specific element content though the actual content hasn’t been changed.
Further, JavaScrip doesn’t allow setting default properties to the objects or components, or to specifying which properties are required and which are optional in React. This will lead to an issue if you forget to assign property to an object or component that is required.
Both the above problem can be solved using prop type and default props. It also helps to improve your code quality making it much safer and faster to test and debug.
Using props to generate the initial state component often leads to duplication of “source of truth.” This is because getInitialstate is only invoked once, at the time when the components are first created.
When you make the changes to the props next time on the component, it remains unchanged because the previous value will not be updated. The problem can be solved by avoiding the use of props at the initial state.
React components can be stateful or stateless. The stateful components keep track of changing data while the stateless components always render the same data.
To minimize the component complexity it is always a good practice to isolate your stateful data-loading logic from the rendering stateless logic.
Following naming conventions ensures users know how to name digital assets so that they will remain consistent and correct. They help in file organization and management, without naming convention handling code assets can be very difficult.
In react, there are mainly three naming conventions,
- The component should be PascalCase
- Elements that need key should be unique
- Methods should be written in camelCase and not be application-specific
Testing ensures code integrity. Therefore it is good practice to create a Test directory within your component’s directory to perform all the required tests and ensure that the addition of new code will not break the existing functionality.
You can perform,
- Unit Testing to check individual components of React application.
- Integration Testing to check if different pieces of models are working well together.
- End to end testing to check the entire application flow.
Here we have covered the 10 best practices React developers should follow to implement clean code, simplify code maintenance and testing.
Hope all these best practices will help you to create a clean and well-organized React project and avoid any issues in the long run.
Check out my other useful blogs,
- Advanced React Roadmap
- React Component Patterns
- State management with Redux toolkit
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